lunes, 30 de septiembre de 2013 - 30 de septiembre de 2013 - España

La UE medita prohibir también el uso de cigarrillos electrónicos en sitios cerrados

Con la salud pública por bandera, la Unión Europea trabaja en un borrador de normativa sobre el tabaco que dibuja con trazo firme un escenario futuro, a corto plazo previsiblemente, en el que encender un cigarrillo electrónico en un espacio cerrado estará tan prohibido como prender un pitillo.

PAMPLONA. Esta es una de las novedades que se incluyen en el texto que será debatido en el pleno del próximo 8 o 9 de octubre y que, casi con toda probabilidad, será aprobado en primera votación. La aplicación de esta ley, de obligado cumplimiento para administraciones como la vasca y la española, podría demorarse alrededor de un año ya que debe seguir los cauces burocráticos y legislativos pertinentes.

Para leer esta información completa acceda al kiosko digital deDIARIO DE NOTICIAS DE NAVARRA en la plataforma PRESST.

Publicación original: - 28 de septiembre de 2013 - Perú

Titular: Cómo tener un corazón saludable sin tabaco

Publicación original: 

El cigarrillo electrónico, ¿tan nocivo como el tabaco?

El cigarrillo electrónico, ¿tan nocivo como el tabaco? - 30 de septiembre de 2013 - EEUU

Guest column: Big Tobacco should not be allowed to recruit on campus

Big Tobacco wants to increase cigarette sales in Florida, and they’re looking for Gators to help them do it.

Altria Group, the parent company of Philip Morris USA and the largest cigarette manufacturer in the country, will be at the Career Resource Center’s Career Showcase on Tuesday. The company is recruiting for a sales manager position in Florida. If you’ve seen a box of Marlboro cigarettes, you’ve seen what Altria produces.

The University of Florida promotes its tobacco-free policy with pride, yet Big Tobacco will be given the opportunity to grow, to thrive, to promote the use of products that, according to the 

Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, kill more than 400,000 people each year.

The university prohibited tobacco use on all university-owned property on July 1, 2010.

For the past three years, UF has encouraged students, faculty and visitors to remember and remind others about the policy whenever they see cigarettes, cigars, electronic cigarettes and similar products used on campus.

UF spokesman Steve Orlando told the Gainesville Sun in 2010 that UF adopted the policy “to help people live healthier lifestyles.” UF is proud of its position as a tobacco-free campus.

But where we see pride, Altria sees an opportunity to build its market. Altria sees UF’s brilliant students as people who can help sell cigarettes. But let’s be clear: When Altria sells more cigarettes, more people die.

Tobacco use is the No. 1 cause of preventable death in the United States, according to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. We spend more than $96 billion in health care expenditures related to tobacco-related illnesses each year. Florida alone spends more than $6 billion annually on health costs directly related to smoking, according to the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids website.

I’m a proud Gator, but on Oct. 1, I’ll be a devastated one.

Big Tobacco will sit in the Stephen C. O’Connell Center and recruit my peers to sell tobacco products. Neither cigarettes nor Big Tobacco’s recruiters should be allowed on campus.

Tobacco is a legal product, but UF has made a decision to ban tobacco on campus.

If we’ve banned smoking on campus, we should not allow the industry to come and recruit our most talented students.

Gators should be faced with opportunities to give back to their communities, not given opportunities to sell products that will kill them.

Mina Radman is a UF journalism senior. This guest column ran on page 7 on 9/30/2013 under the headline "Big Tobacco should not be allowed to recruit on campus" - 30 de septiembre de 2013 - Pakistán

Cricket being used to market tobacco products

LAHORE - Cricket, the sport loved by tens of millions of Pakistanis is now being used to market Tobacco products in pure violation of the country’s laws and regulations that govern tobacco marketing in the country.

A new cigarette brand with the name “Cricket’ manufactured by Wattan Tobacco Company of Azad Jammu & Kashmir is surely and slowly making its inroads in the markets of central Punjab.

During a market survey it was also revealed that the pack of the brand carried price tag of Rs22.60 + Rs3.40 Sales tax whereas in the market the brand was being retailed at Rs 12 per pack, leaving the question, how the brand was selling even below the minimum excise duty which is Rs 17.6 per pack and should be payable to the national exchequer

Publicación original: - 29 de septiembre de 2013 - EEUU

Report shows 93% of tobacco retailers passed underage sales check

The Iowa Alcoholic Beverages Division (ABD) found 93-percent of retailers who sold tobacco refused to sell to an underage customer during checks by the division in the last fiscal year.

Meghan O’Brien, the deputy director of administration for ABD, says most of the 3,400 tobacco retailers are checked for compliance each year. “This is only the second time that the compliance rate has been this high, and I think the success of all our education programs and our partnerships are the reason why we’ve been able to achieve this level of compliance,” O’Brien says.

Publicación original: - 29 de septiembre de 2013 - EEUU

Putnam Votes On Pharmacy Tobacco Ban This Week

CARMEL, N.Y. – The Putnam County Legislature will vote this week on whether to ban the sale of tobacco products in pharmacies.

The ban was proposed in early July by county Health Commissioner Alan Beals. He said similar bans are becoming more and more common, and it would be an important part of the department’s efforts to combat the county’s high rate of lung cancer.

“Pharmacies traditionally have been trusted points of care and wellness,” he said at the time. “When used as directed, cigarettes kill half of their users. It seems to me it’s important to ban the sale of those products from any retail establishment that has a pharmacy.” - 30 de septiembre de 2013 - Australia

Cigarettes coming in from countries using children to grow tobacco

Australia's cigarette trade is being propped up by the exploitation of children - new figures reveal $16 million worth of tobacco grown in countries using cheap child labour is being imported every year.

An analysis of United Nations trade data shows that almost 3000 tonnes of tobacco were imported last year from countries using child labour to cultivate crops.

Anti-smoking group ASH Australia, which compiled the figures, warns that children as young as five are being paid a pittance to work in the tobacco trade, and face serious health risks from nicotine poisoning. - 30 de septiembre de 2013 - Indonesia

RI will strive to ratify tobacco control convention: Minister
Health Minister Nafsiah Mboi has said the government will strive to ensure that Indonesia ratifies the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) as it advances its interest to curb smoking addiction in the country.

“I have written a letter to the President [Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono] and he said, ‘OK, but, we should first speak with one voice in the government before we continue to proceed with the ratification’. So, I think we will get there, but not yet,” she told The Jakarta Post in an interview at her residence on Jl. Denpasar Raya, Kuningan, South Jakarta, on Saturday. - 30 de septiembre de 2013 - Israel

False Advertising, Jewish Morality and the Tobacco Industry

Big tobacco promotes one of the most addictive and life-threatening substances known to humanity. By: Rabbi Dr. Shmuly Yanklowitz 

Advertising and marketing are everywhere we look: on billboards and blimps, on television and film, in our newspapers and magazines, on the food boxes we eat from, even on the clothes we wear. This is a far cry from our society 50 years ago – have you ever seen an old film or television show with product placement? These advertisements often increase and shift our desire and even tell us how we might feel and act. Consumer behavior shifts based not on personal needs, economic considerations, or ethical concerns, but on the power of gimmicks and social branding. 

Publicación original: - 30 de septiembre de 2013 - Yakarta

Tobacco ad ban essential, expert says
A cigarette and tobacco advertising ban is essential in the fight to curb smoking addiction, as the tobacco industry relies heavily on ads to ensure cigarette consumption stays at or above a certain level, according to an expert.

"The tobacco industry is too strong, even if you implement any tobacco control regulation,” said Rob Moodie, a professor of public health at the University of Melbourne, on Saturday.

He said Indonesia would be continuously burdened by the health impacts of cigarette smoking unless it could stop the influence of the tobacco industry.
Data from Global Adults Tobacco Survey (GATS, 2011) shows the prevalence of cigarette smoking among adults in Indonesia stood at 34.8 percent, comprising 67.4 percent in men and 4.5 percent in women.

“My biggest concern when I look at the smoking data in Indonesia is not that 67 percent of Indonesian men smoke, but that 40 percent of 13 to 15-year-old adolescents here are smokers,” Moodie told The Jakarta Post.

viernes, 27 de septiembre de 2013

Bob Sinclar, embajador del Día del ex fumador. - 27 de septiembre de 2013 - España

El tabaco eurovegas y el día del ex fumador

Hoy es el día de los ex fumadores, una iniciativa de la comisión Europea para felicitar utilizan el hashtag #exsmokers, llevan tiendo promoviendo una aplicación para dejar el tabaco, iCoach. De aquí aprovecho para felicitar a todos las personas que lo han dejado, porque al final no existe un milagro antitabaco, no es fácil dejarlo.

Y cuando parce que se han hecho avances en este tema, cuando parece que todos hemos asumido, que no se puede fumar dentro de locales cerrados, que es malo para salud, que es malo para tanto el fumador como el no fumador, vengo y leo esta noticia en el Mundo: Sanidad cede ante Eurovegas: se fumará en las salas donde no haya crupieres . La pregunta siguiente es retórica ¿puede un gobierno ceder a presiones económicas por encima de la salud de sus ciudadanos?

No basta con afirmar que Eurovegas generarán empleo, porque se nos llena la boca de cambiar modelos productivos y aquí lo único que habrá construcción al principio, hostelería después y por desgracia, (siempre en mi opinión) se convertirá en un foco de problemas. Pero no podemos dar la imagen al exterior que estamos dando, en España si tienes dinero, te cambian la ley, ¿es esto normal en una democracia? Otra pregunta retórica. También el mazazo eléctrico y la indefensión del ciudadano, porque aunque generes tu propia energía vas a pagar, otra ley a medida de las eléctricas.

Hace tiempo, ley una frase que me gustó, lo que está bien, está bien, lo que está mal, está mal. Y sé que el drama del desempleo, es un gran drama, lo vivo muy de cerca, pero si empezamos así, que será lo próximo ¿almacenes nucleares? ¿Destrozar el litoral que queda? (aunque esto último también da para hablar)…

Pero no quiero terminar este post con mala baba, así que de nuevo, ¡felicidades ex fumadores! y felicitad vosotros a los que los han conseguido. - 26 de septiembre de 2013 P- Argentina

Más controles para el tabaco en el Mercosur

La propuesta, postulada a través del Ministerio de Salud de la Nación, fue recibida con beneplácito por los países de la región y funcionará como fuente de consulta en materia de regulación de políticas para combatir la epidemia del tabaquismo en América del Sur, según se indicó en un comunicado. 

La propuesta se analizó en Caracas en el marco de la Reunión Ordinaria de la Comisión Intergubernamental para el Control del Tabaco (CICT), preparatoria de la XXXV Reunión de Ministros de Salud del MERCOSUR y Estados Asociados, que se desarrollará el 22 de noviembre en la capital venezolana. - 27 de septiembre de 2013 - EEUU

E-cigarettes should be regulated, say 40 U.S. attorneys general

Attorneys general from 40 states are asking the U.S. Food and Drug Administration this week to start regulating electronic cigarettes in the same way that it regulates other tobacco products.

“Unlike traditional tobacco products, there are no federal age restrictions that would prevent children from neither obtaining e-cigarettes, nor are there any advertising restrictions," wrote Ohio Attorney General Mike DeWine to the FDA Tuesday.

DeWine was one of 40 attorneys general who signed a bipartisan letter urging the FDA to address the advertising, ingredients, and sale to minors of e-cigarettes before Oct. 31.

E-cigarettes are, in their most common form, battery-operated products that heat liquid nicotine into a vapor which is then inhaled.

Despite the fact that their long-term health effects have not yet been studied, many manufacturers tout their products as a safer alternative to smoking. This, say the attorneys general, puts the public at risk. - 27 de septiembre de 2013 - Zimbawe

Zimbabwe Food Security Threatened by Tobacco

When Mirosi Chingawo, a small farmer in the Madziwa area of Mashonaland Central, switched from farming food crops to tobacco in 2010, few people thought about the implications at the time. Now Chingawo is among the growing number of farmers in Zimbabwe growing tobacco and moving away from food staples such as maize, sorghum and millet. This threatens the country's food security.

"After all the labor, I am able to make ends meet," Says Chingawo. Since switching to tobacco, his annual income has mushroomed from about $800 for one harvest of maize a year to $4,500 for a single tobacco crop. "The work is tedious, but I can feed my family and pay school fees for my children," says the father of five.

A survey in the Madziwa area of Zimbabwe showed that many small farmers have built better houses and bought household goods, but they find themselves unable to stock their larders with enough food to last the season. "The food takes us almost halfway through the season. But it is better off because we can manage to do other things with money we get from the tobacco crop," says Nyarai Mafunga, a farmer in the same area. - 27 de septiembre de 2013 - EEUU

Report: 93 percent of Iowa tobacco retailers don’t sell to minors

The vast majority of Iowa’s tobacco retailers aren’t selling cigarettes or other tobacco products to minors, state officials reported Thursday.

The Iowa Alcoholic Beverages Division, a state agency charged with ensuring tobacco products are not sold to youth, said 93 percent of Iowa’s tobacco retailers were found compliant during checks conducted in the past state fiscal year, which ended June 30, 2013.

That ties fiscal year 2010 for the highest compliance rate achieved since the state began tracking tobacco compliance in 1994, officials said.

Most of Iowa’s 3,400 tobacco outlets were checked at least once during the state fiscal year, said Stephen Larson, administrator of the Iowa Alcoholic Beverages Division. The state agency, in coordination with 193 local law enforcement partners and the Iowa State Patrol, conducted 3,500 compliance checks statewide. A total of 245 sales to minors were made. Twenty-seven counties were found to be 100 percent compliant.

“The current rate shows we continue to make steady progress in the fight to keep tobacco products out of the hands of Iowa’s youth,” Larson said in a prepared statement.

Publicación original: - 27 de septiembre de 2013 - EEUU

Other view: State should tax all tobacco products equally

We generally never endorse more taxes, but sometimes they can actually be a good idea.

Such is the case with a proposal by state Rep. Garey Bies, a Sister Bay Republican, to tax all tobacco products in Wisconsin equally. Bies said his bill would close several tax loopholes that allow producers of candy flavored tobacco products to dodge the state’s cigarette tax and sell at a price that targets kids.

The most egregious example, he says, are “little cigars” that sell for around $1, rather than the $6 to $8 per pack for regular cigarettes, and that come in flavors like grape, cherry and chocolate. They are easily accessible to children and now exceed sales of regular cigarettes among Wisconsin high school students. - 28 de septiembre de 2013 - EEUU

Kodak moment

As regulators wrestle with e-smokes, the tobacco industry is changing fast.

Health authorities worldwide are struggling to deal with this new way of getting a nicotine kick. E-cigarettes are sold as leisure products and as such are covered by safety and quality standards wherever these exist and are implemented. But leaving them, like shoes or beds, to such catch-all rules makes some regulators uneasy.

A growing pile of studies say they are far safer than normal cigarettes and at least as good at getting people to quit smoking as nicotine patches and gum. But they too are based on that addictive substance. Churned out by hundreds of suppliers using materials from China and elsewhere, the quality and labelling of e-cigarettes on sale are uneven.

jueves, 26 de septiembre de 2013 - 24 de septiembre de 2013 - EEUU

Campos de tabaco son reemplazados por plantas de stevia en busca mercado de US$ 58 mil millones

Finalmente, vuelven a la vida las máquinas procesadoras que alguna vez quedaron botadas dentro de la que fue una sede de operatoria de tabaco en Alma, Georgia. Y este depósito, que aún tiene olor a hojas de tabaco y humo de cigarrillo, se va volviendo un polo para un dulce cultivo: la stevia.

Un lustro atrás se aprobó el uso comercial de los extractos de stevia en Estados Unidos, que rápidamente sustituyen el azúcar en una población ávida de adelgazamiento y en la que desea evitar el consumo de alternativas artificiales. El endulzante natural sin calorías que, en su mayoría, crece en China y América del Sur, genera la oportunidad para los agricultores y procesadores estadounidenses que quieren compensar la merma en la demanda de tabaco y hacer negocios con Cargill Inc. y Coca-Cola Co.

Algún día, la stevia bien puede dirigir casi un tercio del mercado global de endulzantes dietéticos de US$ 58.000, según los datos de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), que cita Stevia First Corp., de Yuba City, en California. En contraste, el volumen de producción de tabaco descendió a la mitad durante los últimos 20 años. Dado que ambos cultivos tienen cuidados semejantes, las procesadoras instan a los agricultores a cambiar en pro de la producción de stevia. - 26 de septiembre de 2013 - Rusia

Estar en las redes sociales ayuda a dejar el tabaco, según científicos

Estar presente en las redes sociales ayuda a dejar el hábito de fumar, según un artículo publicado en Journal of Communication.

Según investigadores de la Universidad de Georgia, los usuarios de las redes sociales tienen más posibilidades de unirse a grupos virtuales que ayudan a renunciar a los cigarrillos y proveen los recursos necesarios, como el apoyo incondicional de otros integrantes de la comunidad.

Los grupos virtuales a favor de una vida más sana permiten a sus participantes alcanzar la meta con mayor eficiencia y más rápido que los grupos habituales, que, además, muchas veces resultan inaccesibles para personas que viven aisladas de núcleos urbanos.

Mientras, las redes sociales están al alcance de los habitantes de las ciudades y de las zonas rurales en igual medida y pueden constituir tanto un método individual de tratamiento, como un recurso complementario, aseguran los expertos.

Publicación original: - 26 de septiembre de 2013 - España

700.000 cajetillas de tabaco de contrabando por Gibraltar en lo que va de 2013. El dato que se llevan los inspectores de Bruselas que han visitado el Peñón

Los inspectores de la Comisión Europea vuelven hoy a Bruselas después de haber analizado los controles en la verja de Gibraltar. Las autoridades españolas han conseguido que se marchen con una idea clara: el contrabando de tabaco procedente del Peñón es real.

Según ha sabido El Confidencial Digital, el Gobierno envió, durante las semanas previas a la visita de los expertos, información a la Comisión Europea sobre las irregularidades y los fraudes que se llevaban a cabo en Gibraltar y que justificaban los controles en la valla.

El objetivo de esas comunicaciones era conseguir que el organismo comunitario enviara también a técnicos de la Oficina Europea de Lucha contra el Fraude, algo que finalmente ha conseguido el Ejecutivo.

Publicación original - 26 de septiembre de 2013 - Sri Lanka

Health Minister Maithripala Sirisena blasts tobacco industry for attempting to bribe

The Minister of Health Sri Lanka, yesterday made a shocking revelation proving the worldwide well established notorious demeanor of the tobacco industry, their attempts to bribe politicians, policy makers and journalists etc., to hinder bringing in people friendly health policies in the country. 

Generally laws are meant to protect the people of a country, but very strangely the tobacco industry demand and seek legal remedy for them to further engage in “man slaughtering”. Whoever supports such mean attempts in whatever manner to gain “wealth and benefits” holding whatever position, is a traitor, to a society, a country and the world.

Any day the result of engagement in such evil doing and supporting such ‘Vicious’ industry in crafty manner in whatever capacity, WILL have to be borne by the evil doer.

The tobacco industry in Sri Lanka states that they contributed rupees 26 billion to the government last year as tax on cigarettes. This money was not paid by the industry, but by the poor smokers who had been enticed and deceived by the industry without revealing the harmful effects of smoking. The tobacco industry has been unfaithful to its customers by refusing to portray pictorial health warnings on cigarette packets. The government spends money to treat tobacco victims who are in hospitals which is more than ten times of tobacco tax paid by the industry. Tobacco smoking makes a person sick and dies in their productive years which are a loss to the society and the families where smokers are the breadwinners of those families.

Publicación original: - 26 de septiembre de 2013 - Nigeria

Nigeria: 'Tobacco Money Worse Than Blood Diamonds'

Apparently driven by the effects of tobacco use on the health of Nigerians, the Environmental Rights Action/Friends of the Earth Nigeria (ERA/FoEN) and Civil Society Legislative Advocacy Centre (CISLAC) have condemned the reception accorded the Managing Director of British American Tobacco (BAT), Keith Gretton during a visit to the Lagos State Governor, Babatunde Fashola recently.

A statement jointly issued by the groups in Abuja said: "this is a major miss-step by Lagos State and we owe it a duty to remind the governor, seen by many as a role model, that tobacco investment is worse than blood diamonds".

Reports indicated that Fashola had, while hosting Gretton in his office at Alausa, hailed BAT for allegedly creating jobs since it began operations in 2003, and added that the Lagos government would continue to maintain a conducive environment for BAT and other businesses to thrive in line with its objectives of "aggressive investment" in infrastructure and security to improve the business environment. - 26 de septiembre de 2013 - EEUU

Do Cigarettes Make You Insane? Some Anti-Tobacco Arguments From the 1920s

As many laughable '50s-era ads attest, it took Americans until relatively late in the game to begin pinning blame on tobacco for illnesses like cancer and emphysema. Less known is the moral panic of the 1910s and 1920s, in which concerned citizens worried that young people who smoked cigarettes were under the influence of a dangerous drug and were prone to criminal acts of violence. - 26 de septiembre de 2013 - Irlanda

Call for 60c on packet of cigarettes and tobacco regulator

Health groups have called for a 60c increase in the price of a pack of cigarettes in next month’s Budget.

The Irish Cancer Society and Irish Heart Foundation say a tax “escalator” of 5 per cent above the rate of inflation should apply in the case of tobacco products. This would amount to a 60c rise or a pack of 20 cigarettes, they told the Oireachtas Health committee this morning.

The two organizations also called for the appointment of a tobacco regulator to curb the “excessive” profits of the tobacco industry, and claimed this could yield additional tax revenue of €65 million a year.

Kathleen O’Meara, head of advocacy of the ICS, said tax receipts from the industry last year were €1.42 billion, less than the €2 billion cost of the health effects of smoking to society. - 26 de septiembre de 2013 - India

India Needs to Get Serious About Its Tobacco Problem

Over the years, production of tobacco has moved from the tobacco fields of the United States to developing countries — the result of inexpensive leaves and lax agricultural policies that allow farmers to use chemicals banned in the West. This trend has created opportunities for developing countries like India, which is now the world’s second largest producer of tobacco after China.

Akash is a fourteen-year-old tobacco user who recently started treatment for oral cancer at the Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute. He says he started smoking and chewing tobacco and pan (beetle leaf) due to peer pressure. He tells The Diplomat, “All my friends chewed so I had to do it too. I didn’t like it at first. Although I didn’t see it happening, eventually I became addicted.”

miércoles, 25 de septiembre de 2013 - 24 de septiembre de 2013 - España

Una investigación alicantina identifica la proteína que "engancha" al tabaco

ALICANTE (EFE). Investigadores de la Universidad Miguel Hernández (UMH) de Elche han demostrado por primera vez la implicación de una proteína, la cannabinoide de tipo 2 (receptor CB2), en los efectos adictivos de la nicotina, lo que podría abrir nuevas vías terapéuticas para la tratamiento de esta dependencia.

El catedrático de Farmacología de la UMH Jorge Manzanares ha dirigido este estudio, en el que han colaborado el equipo de investigación del profesor del Departamento de Psicobiología de la Universidad de Valencia José Miñarro y el del profesor del Laboratorio de Neurofarmacología de la Universitat Pompeu Fabra de Barcelona Rafael Maldonado, según un comunicado de la UMH.

Este trabajo, publicado en la revista científica 'Neuropsychopharmacology', se ha llevado a cabo en el Instituto de Neurociencias, centro mixto de la UMH de Elche y el Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC), ubicado en el campus de Sant Joan d'Alacant

Para realizar el estudio, los investigadores han explorado diferentes aspectos relacionados con la adicción a la nicotina.

Entre esos aspectos se encuentran los efectos del ambiente sobre las acciones de la nicotina, la capacidad de los ratones para autoadministrarse nicotina (refuerzo y motivación por el consumo) y el síndrome de abstinencia.

También se han identificado varias alteraciones cerebrales vinculadas a los cambios observados en los estudios de conducta.


Los mecanismos que "enganchan" cuando se consume nicotina no se conocen con precisión, pero se ha sugerido que algunos circuitos cerebrales pueden desempeñar un relevante papel en la acción reforzante (que aumenta el deseo de consumo) de la droga.

Tras el cese del consumo de nicotina aparece un síndrome de abstinencia que se caracteriza por un conjunto de síntomas, como la irritabilidad, el nerviosismo, el temblor y la elevada ansiedad.

Este síndrome es la principal causa del fracaso terapéutico en los fumadores que intentan dejar el tabaco, por lo que una reducción de esta sintomatología sería de gran utilidad para ayudar al paciente a dejar de fumar, indica la nota de prensa de la UMH.

La identificación de un nuevo receptor cuya manipulación farmacológica sea capaz de reducir la dependencia del tabaco podría resultar una interesante herramienta para el tratamiento de esta adicción todavía muy extendida en la población.

El profesor de la UMH Jorge Manzanares ha señalado que "los ratones que carecen del receptor CB2 (CB2KO) no mostraron ningún tipo de preferencia por aquellos ambientes asociados a la administración de la nicotina en la prueba de condicionamiento de preferencia de lugar".


Tampoco fueron capaces de realizar la tarea necesaria para lograr autoadministrarse por vía intravenosa la droga, fenómenos que también fueron observables en los ratones tratados con el fármaco AM630, que bloquea la acción de los receptores CB2.

"Estos hallazgos sugieren que dichos receptores desempeñan un papel crucial en la regulación de los efectos que la nicotina produce en el cerebro", ha explicado Manzanares.

Por otro lado, los investigadores han medido la expresión de algunos genes directamente implicados en las acciones de la nicotina en el cerebro y han observado una diferencia significativa entre los ratones CB2KO y los ratones controles.

Asimismo, los estudios inmunohistoquímicos llevados a cabo por el catedrático de Histología de la UMH, Pere Berbel, han demostrado por primera vez que los receptores CB2 están expresados junto a receptores nicotínicos en varias regiones cerebrales, lo que refuerza la importancia de los receptores CB2 en los mecanismos que regulan la dependencia a la nicotina. - 25 de septiembre de 2013 - Perú

CRUCEROS 54% de pasajeros aprueba medidas anti tabaco 

Cruise Critic realizó una encuesta que reveló que 54% de los encuestados se mostró a gusto con la nueva política de las compañías de cruceros de prohibir fumar en las terrazas de los camarotes, frente al 18% que estaba en desacuerdo.

Las navieras se basan en la petición de los propios consumidores debido a las molestias que causan los fumadores entre sus compañeros de viaje y por motivos de seguridad.

Además, el 24% cree que también debe estar prohibido fumar en las áreas comunes. Sólo un 3% se mostró indiferente con esta medida.

La prohibición entra en vigor en el caso de Disney Cruise Line el 15 de noviembre, a partir de marzo en P&O, y en abril en Cunard.

También se sumó Royal Caribbean cuya medida entrará en vigor en todos sus buques el 1 de enero de 2014, a excepción de aquellos con base en Asia.

Ésta es una de las muchas empresas que "tratarán de poner en práctica regulaciones cada vez más estrictas contra el tabaco, tomando en cuenta los resultados de la encuesta", afirmó el editor en el Reino Unido de Cruise Critic, Adam Coulter. - 25 de septiembre de 2013 - Bolivia

En Bolivia tres millones de personas consumen tabaco

El director general de Promoción de la Salud del Ministerio del sector, Oscar Varas, informó hoy que en Bolivia 3 millones de personas consumen tabaco y son las mujeres las más adictas, desde los 13 años de edad.

"Un 30 por ciento de la población boliviana aproximadamente consume tabaco, es decir unos 3 millones de bolivianos que fuman, y en estos dos últimos años se ha notado un incremento en la población de 13 años como etapa inicial, sobre todo en el sexo femenino", dijo a los periodistas.

Varas explicó que entre hoy y mañana un equipo de expertos de Uruguay se encuentra en La Paz, quienes se referirán a la problemática de la dependencia del tabaco.

"Es una primera etapa en la que estamos intentando conformar equipos con profesionales de distintas instituciones y con participación también del interior del país para elaborar programas para evitar el consumo de tabaco", aseguró.

9/25 - Tobacco tax to reduce youth smoking - 13WHAM - News This Morning

9/25 - Tobacco tax to reduce youth smoking - 13WHAM - News This Morning - 25 de septiembre de 2013 - India

Indonesian Tobacco Lobby Criticized Over Australian Plain Packaging Challenge
Tobacco control activists have criticized the Indonesian government after it challenged Australia’s decision to implement plain cigarette packaging, calling it a blatant act to protect the tobacco industry.

“This is very unfortunate, Indonesia should not do this, internationally Indonesia has been notoriously known as the only country in the Asia Pacific that did not sign the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), this will only make things worse,” Tara Singh Bam, the technical advisor at the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease told the Jakarta Globe on Monday.

Previously the World Trade Organization said Indonesia had made a formal request for consultations with Australia on the issue, which under the Geneva-based organization’s rules is the first step towards a full-blown trade dispute.

Indonesia is the fifth country to challenge Australia at the WTO over its pioneering legislation, passed in 2011 and in force since last December. The measures require tobacco products to be sold in drab green boxes with neutral typeface and graphic images of diseased smokers. - 25 de septiembre de 2013 - EEUU

Anti-tobacco resolution approved

PARKERSBURG -A resolution which prohibits tobacco products within 15 feet of city playgrounds will go back to city council for consideration.

The city's public works committee approved the resolution without changes Tuesday following a spirited discussion.

The resolution was referred to committee two weeks ago by the full city council after member John Kelly questioned whether the city or the Mid-Ohio Valley Health Department should enforce such rules. - 24 de septiembre de 2013 - EEUU

Erin Somerlott: Tips to topple youth tobacco use

According to the 2011 Michigan Youth Risk Behavior Survey, 14 percent of Michigan youth smoke cigarettes, and another 7.6 percent use smokeless tobacco.

The Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids notes that there are 15,200 new youth smokers each year in Michigan, and 930,000 kids alive today in Michigan will become smokers. Of those kids, 298,000 will eventually die from tobacco-related disease.

Although we have made significant progress in protecting our youth from tobacco-related health harms, we still have a long way to go. Far too many of our children are still using tobacco and are being exposed to the health harms from secondhand smoke exposure. Fortunately, there are a lot of proven methods that we know can help to prevent tobacco use and secondhand smoke exposure among our kids. - 25 de septiembre de 2013 - Estonia

Estonian Health Foundation recommends equaling e-cigarettes with tobacco products

The Estonian Health Foundation made a proposal to the social minister to equal e-cigarettes with tobacco products, ban advertising the product, selling it to minors and smoking in public places and tax the nicotine liquid with excise tax, LETA/Pastimes Online reports.

"Consumption of e-cigarettes has surged also among minors, and without an analysis it is not possible to ascertain whether the fill-up liquid of an e-cigarette contains nicotine or not. When kids smoke e-cigarettes in public transport and tell an adult who goes to forbid them, that this is not a forbidden activity, then it is clear that clear regulations are needed for the society," said Estonian Health Foundation board chairman Euro Maryland, adding that nicotine is a nerve toxin in any way of consumption and long-term effects of using e-cigarettes are not known.

The Estonian Health Foundation estimates that all sales and consumption restrictions described in the laws for tobacco products would have to be implemented on e-cigarettes, which means, among other things, a sales restriction and consumption restriction for minors and banning the use of e-cigarettes in places where smoking is forbidden.

The Estonian Health Foundation proposed that the nicotine in the fill-up liquid of e-cigarettes should be taxed with tobacco excise tax, which would enable to get extra income for the tense state budget.

Publicación original: - 23 de septiembre de 2013 - EEUU

FDA Must Have More Tobacco Oversight, Say AAFP, Other Groups

September 23, 2013 12:30 pm News Staff – The AAFP and 15 other health care organizations are calling on President Obama to release a proposed rule that would give the FDA the authority to regulate e-cigarettes and other tobacco products, such as cigars, that do not fall under the agency's regulatory oversight.

In a Sept. 19 letter to the president, the AAFP and the other organizations point out that the FDA announced its intent to take action on the proposed rule more than two years ago, but it has failed to do so, creating a delay that has led to "very real public health consequences."

In June 2009, Obama signed the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act into law. The legislation gave the FDA the authority to regulate tobacco products. "As a result, the tobacco industry is no longer able to use candy- and fruit-flavored cigarettes with characterizing flavors such as strawberry, grape, pineapple, chocolate and vanilla to attract and addict our nation's children to cigarettes," says the letter, which was signed by the American Lung Association, the American Academy of Pediatrics, the American College of Physicians, and the American College of Preventive Medicine, among others.

The Tobacco Control Act gave the FDA the authority to regulate cigarettes, as well as smokeless and roll-your-own tobacco products, and it allows HHS to extend the FDA's authority to other tobacco products. However, lack of FDA action means that, currently, there is limited federal oversight of these products and few restrictions to protect the public against their risks, according to the letter.

The use of e-cigarettes, which deliver nicotine in a vapor form, is increasing among the nation's youth. The letter cites data from the CDC that indicate from 2011-2012, the number of students in grades 6-12 who reported having used an e-cigarette doubled from 3.3 percent to 6.8 percent. In addition, the use of e-cigarettes among 6-12 year olds increased from 1.1 percent to 2.1 percent during the same time.

"The e-cigarette industry is using a number of marketing techniques originally employed by the cigarette companies to addict youth, including the use of candy and fruit flavors," the letter says.

The organizations also decry increases in cigar smoking, saying that the use of large cigars increased 233 percent between 2000 and 2011. Nearly 18 percent of high school males currently smoke cigars, and every day, more than 3,000 kids younger than 18 try cigar smoking for the first time, making cigar smoking the second most common form of tobacco use among youth.

Enfoque en el papel de la industria del tabaco en el contrabando - Opinión - Al Jazeera Inglés

Enfoque en el papel de la industria del tabaco en el contrabando - Opinión - Al Jazeera Inglés

martes, 24 de septiembre de 2013 - 23 de septiembre de 2013 - EEUU

Growers Dump Tobacco for Stevia See $58 Billion Market

The once-idled leaf-processing machines at a former tobacco trading house in Alma, Georgia, are coming back to life. Except now the warehouse, which still smells like tobacco leaves and cigarette smoke, is becoming a hub for a sweeter crop: stevia.

Approved for commercial use in the U.S. five years ago, stevia extracts are fast becoming the sugar substitute of choice for a population trying to slim down and avoid artificial options. The no-calorie, natural sweetener, grown mostly in China and South America, is creating an opportunity for U.S. farmers and processors looking to make up for dwindling tobacco demand and win business from Cargill Inc. and Coca-Cola Co.

Stevia may one day command about a third of the $58 billion global dietary sweetener market, according to Stevia First Corp. in Yuba City, California, citing World Health Organization data. By contrast, U.S. tobacco output has slid by half in the past 20 years. Since the two leafs are handled similarly, processors are urging farmers to switch to stevia production.

“I can remember 25 years ago when there were 300 tobacco farmers here,” Julian Rigby, a 62-year-old farmer who is trading tobacco fields for stevia, said in an interview at the Alma facility. “Today there’s one.”

Stevia and tobacco have a lot in common. They grow in a similar climate and soils. Both leaves are picked, separated from their stems and dried for use. Stevia was named after the 16th-century botanist Petrus Jacobus Stevus, according to the British Broadcasting Corp.

Generally Safe

Certain extracts from the Stevia herb are “generally recognized as safe” by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. Whole-leaf stevia or crude extracts haven’t been approved for use as a food additive due to research that raises concerns about its effect on blood sugar, as well as reproductive, cardiovascular and renal systems, according to the FDA.

Food manufacturers, fighting a backlash against sugar, fat and salt after global obesity rates ballooned in recent decades, are using stevia to sweeten Smucker’s jams, Crystal Light drink mixes, ice cream and even Malibu Spiced Rum. The sweetener -- used for centuries by the Guarani Indians of Paraguay’s jungles to sweeten drinks -- is often mixed with sugar by food makers to reduce calories while cutting a bitter aftertaste manufacturers haven’t been able to eliminate.

Next Cola

Coca-Cola uses stevia in more than two dozen products globally, including Sprite and Fanta in some European countries to cut calories by 30 percent. Stevia-sweetened Coca-Cola Life introduced recently in Argentina boasts a green label. PepsiCo uses stevia in its Next cola in Australia, some Tropicana orange juices and SoBe Lifewater.

Publicación original: - 23 de septiembre de 2013 - Argentina

Confirman que cigarrillo electrónico puede causar cáncer

Thomas Laurenceau, redactor jefe de la revista francesa 60 millones de consumidores, aseguró que : "el cigarrillo electrónico no es tan inofensivo como parece". También agregó que "no hay que considerarlo un juego, no es tan lúdico, ni totalmente sano".

El nuevo cigarrillo electrónico se ha puesto de moda y miles de personas lo utilizan sin saber que esta nueva forma de fumar es también perjudicial para la salud.

La revista francesa 60 millones de consumidores ha publicado en su número de septiembre una investigación sobre los componentes potencialmente cancerígenos de este dispositivo.

En el cigarrillo electrónico están presentes diferentes sustancias como el formol, que puede resultar cancerígeno en 3 de cada 10 casos. 

El vapor inhalado tiene un efecto tóxico debido también a la presencia del etanal y la acroleína, una sustancia química utilizada como plaguicida que al respirarla puede dañar los pulmones.

Thomas Laurenceau, redactor jefe de la revista francesa, aseguró que : "El cigarrillo electrónico no es tan inofensivo como parece. No hay que considerarlo un juego, no es tan lúdico, ni totalmente sano".

Además, como no está contemplado en la Ley del tabaco, existe un vacío legal en torno al cigarrillo electrónico.

Ante este y otros estudios, especialistas indican que aunque este dispositivo electrónico tiene las ventajas de que no se producen cenizas y de que el humo huele menos que el tabaco, los inconvenientes siguen ahí; pues no es más que otra adicción.

teleSUR- Euronews/ LP

Tobacco companies are big e-cig players - Local

Answer Man: Tobacco companies are big e-cig players - Local

I've been curious about this point myself. Clearly, it's no accident these cigarette-like devices that provide cigarette-like nicotine has some connection to the cigarette companies, and glory! It turns out they do. A story in Forbes magazine just a few days ago says this:

"With revenue from e-cigarettes expected to double this year to over $1 billion and up to $1.7 billion by some estimates, the makers of these plastic addiction sticks are gradually burning away at the $80 billion sales of tobacco, with e-cigarette sales predicted to pass traditional cigarette sales by 2047, according to Bloomberg Industries." 

Personally, I don't expect to be around in 2047 to witness that moment, and predictions of consumer trends going out 34 years are crazy. If you can predict a consumer trend going out more than one year, you're a genius and will someday be featured on a program such as "Mad Men." But the trend toward e-cigs has caught the attention of the not-exactly-sleeping tobacco giants.From Forbes: "E-cigarettes are hooking customers with low price tags and increasingly pervasive advertising campaigns – for the first time in 43 years, cigarette ads will return to TV as second-largest tobacco U.S. manufacturer, Reynolds American, plans a national rollout of its Vuse e-cigarette." 

Lorillard Inc., No. 3 among U.S. tobacco firms, now owns a company called Blu ECigs and peddles them in 80,000 stores, the Wall Street Journal says, and the kingpin of U.S. tobacco companies, Altria Group Inc., now has a line called MarkTen e-cigs. 

There is a lot of money to be made in e-cigs, which as Mayo's Dr. Richard Hurt said the other night is a "drug delivery system" for a highly addictive drug — nicotine. So, it defies credulity to believe that Big Tobacco won't grab a huge piece of this, and if there's one habit I choose to avoid, it's to defy credulity. I'm a big believer in credulity. 

Now, from the emailbag, I received this one Saturday morning and just couldn't wait to get it in the paper. The subject line was, "Greatest Newspaper Column Ever." - 23 de septiembre de 2013 - EUropa

Philip Morris fichó a eurodiputados según su posición ante directiva tabaco

(EFECOM).- La multinacional tabaquera "Philip Morris" fichó a los eurodiputados en función de su posición ante la directiva de tabaco, un seguimiento con el que intentó influir en el voto de un texto que propone la prohibición de productos como los cigarros mentolados, publica hoy el diario Le Soir.

"Documentos confidenciales internos de Philip Morris, consultados por Le Soir, prueban que los servicios internos de la tabacalera han sondeado sistemáticamente al conjunto de los parlamentarios europeos para determinar si podrían aplazar la votación o enmendar" el texto, afirma el periódico. 

La directiva, cuyo voto en la Eurocámara ha sido recientemente retrasado, incluye medidas como la impresión de mensajes disuasorios en las cajetillas y la prohibición del tabaco con sabores como el mentol y otros aromas. 

Philip Morris realizó un registro en el que marcaba a cada eurodiputado en verde, naranja o rojo en función de su menor o mayor apoyo al endurecimiento de las normativas europeas sobre el sector del tabaco. - 23 de septiembre de 2013 - España

Un niño sufre quemaduras tras la explosión de un cigarrillo electrónico

Kinzie Barlow se encontraba conduciendo con su hijo de tres años, mientras su cigarrillo electrónico estaba cargando, cuando de repente explotó. La explosión del aparato le produjo quemaduras de segundo grado al menor en varias partes de su cuerpo y un terrible susto para ambos.

Cuando se produjo la explosión, una pieza de cobre al rojo vivo salió disparada a la parte trasera del coche, donde se encontraba el niño sentado. Cuando el menor empezó a gritar y llorar por el dolor que le estaba produciendo el objeto ardiendo, Kinzie reaccionó instintivamente arrojándole el café con hielos que tenía en las manos.

Según afirma el diario inglés Daily Mail, el fabricante de cigarrillos electrónicos Rhino Blanco ha advertido en varias ocasiones que las baterías de iones de litio en los cigarrillos pueden sobrecargarse por el calor, llegando a producir lesiones graves.

Los cigarrillos electrónicos son un producto con cada vez más consumidores y los incidentes de seguridad se han multiplicado. - 23 de septiembre de 2013 - India

Authorities turn blind eye to rampant tobacco promotion

GUWAHATI: Display of advertisement hoardings promoting tobacco products directly or indirectly is rampant in the city and also across the state. But there are minimum efforts on the part of the authorities concerned to remove them.

Ruchira Neog, executive secretary of Voluntary Health Association of Assam, said, "There are many shops in the city which have large hoardings advertising tobacco products. The presence of such hoardings larger than the prescribed (60cm x 45 cm) format at the point of sale and more than one board at one point of sale are regarded as violation of Section 5 of COPTA. This suggests that the Act has not been implemented properly." - 23 de septiembre de 2013 - EEUU

U.S. will spend up to $273M in tobacco-related research to reduce smoking deaths

WASHINGTON (Reuters) - The U.S. government plans to spend as much as $273 million over the next five years on tobacco-related research in a bid to help reduce the number of deaths from smoking.

The Food and Drug Administration and National Institutes of Health said on Thursday they have awarded an initial $53 million to 14 institutions to conduct research that could help the FDA shape tobacco product regulations.

In 2009 the agency was given authority to regulate cigarettes, cigarette tobacco and roll-your-own tobacco, though not pipe tobacco, cigars or e-cigarettes.

The law allows the FDA to expand its authority to all tobacco products but it must first issue new regulations. Those are in development and no date has been announced for their publication.